Career Connection to Teaching with Technology

Standards 2000

Numbers & Operations

Patterns, Functions,
and Algebra

Geometry & Spatial Sense


Data Analysis, Statistics,
and Probability

Problem Solving

Reasoning and Proof




The meaning of "standard" has not only a rich and long history outside of education, but also a complex evolution in education in recent years. The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) development of Curriculum, Teaching, and Assessment Standards in 1989 represented a historically important first attempt by a professional organization to provide explicit and extensive goals statements for teachers. At that time NCTM offered three reasons for a professional organization to formally adopt standards: to ensure quality, to indicate goals, and to promote change. Since 1989 these standards have provided a vehicle for focused, sustained efforts toward the improvement of students’ mathematical education in school.

NCTM leaders recognized the standards would need examination and testing and that changes which reflected new knowledge emerging from research and technologies would be inevitable. This revision, currently in discussion draft, produced the Principles and Standards for School Mathematics: Standards 2000. These standards demonstrate a world dramatically different from what it was in 1989. Students today have relatively common access to computers and the World Wide Web as well as to handheld scientific or graphing calculators. This has compelled the need for mathematics students of today to learn to use available and emerging technology to guide them in the development of deeper mathematical understandings and to assist in the unfolding of robust, connected understandings of algebraic, geometric and statistical ideas.

Standards 2000 has been developed around five mathematical content standards and five process standards. The five content standards address the areas of number, measurement, algebra, geometry and data. Each content standard describes goals for student understanding of concepts and procedures. The five process standards address problem solving, reasoning, connections, communication, and representation. The process standards are described in terms of student’ mathematical learning outcome. Standards 2000 are further organized into the grade bands, pre-K-2, 3-5, 6-8, and 9-12. In each grade-band, the ten standards are elaborated in terms of key focus areas, with varying emphasis and depth as appropriate. Surrounding and supporting the ten standards is a set of principles for school mathematics instructional programs that address equity, mathematics curriculum, teaching, student learning, assessment and technology.

Please use the menu on the left to guide you to a wealth of standards based curriculum materials for Mathematics. The lessons are being developed by teams of teachers across the country working with the "Career Connection to Teaching with Technology" Challenge Grant.

Copyright 1997-2002
Career Connection to Teaching with Technology
USDOE Technology Innovation Challenge Grant
Marshall Ransom, Project Manager
All rights reserved.