The focus of this lesson is the identification and definition of
literary devices and understanding how they bring the story to life
for the reader. The students will be writing original samples of
Lesson fundamental understandings:a. Literary devices are used to bring a
story to life (i.e. simile, metaphor, personfication)
b. A simile
is a comparison using like or as.
c. A metaphor is comparison of
two unlike things (i.e. Juliet is the sun) without the use of like
d. Personification is the humanizing of a non-human
e. A literal telling of a story is the telling of events
without the use of literary devices and descriptive language.
In contrast, a creative telling of a story would include literary
devices and descriptive language.
g. Creative telling of a story
makes it more memoriable.
National StandardsStudents employ a
wide range of strategies as they write and use different writing
process elements appropriately to communicate with different
audiences for a variety of purposes.
State Standards3.5.5 Locate and
interpret figurative language, including simile, metaphor, and
personification in text.
Students will have been introduced to simile, metaphor,
personification. The understanding of these devices will be
reinforced as the student learns to use them to enhance the readers'
enjoyment of their original stories.
Information/Situations/Setting/TimeTime Frame: 1-2 50
minute class periods
Materials/Resources: Pencil, paper
Poetry samples and other forms of literature using simile,
metaphor and personification
Story created from previous
Suggested Poetry & Literature
Simile - The collective poetry of Langston
Metaphor - "I Know Why a Cage Bird Sings" By Maya Angalu
Personification - Trees & Other Poems & Candles That
Burn by Joyce Kilmer
Descriptive Language - "Stopping By Woods
on Snowy Evening" by Robert Frost
Assess English journals for at least 2 examples each of simile,
metaphor, and personification. Students will share them with the
whole class and the teacher will check the journals for completeness
Student Activity/TasksDay One
Using samples of poetry and other literature, the students will find
literary devices: simile and metaphor
2. Students define each
device, and cite examples from previous lesson's stories.
Students will define simile and metaphor and list examples of each
in their English journal.
4. Students will divide into their
small group and create original examples of simile and
5. Each group will present one example of each literary
1. Using samples of poetry and other
literature, the students will find the literary device,
2. Students define personification and cite
examples from previous lesson's stories.
3. Students will list
examples of each in their English journal.
4. Students will
divide into their small group and create original examples of
5. Each group will present an example of
Students will draw a picture of one literary device sample.
The collective poetry of Langston Hughes "I Know Why a Cage Bird
Sings" By Maya Angalu Trees & Other Poems & Candles That
Burn by Joyce Kilmer "Stopping By Woods on Snowy Evening" by Robert
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Career Connection to Teaching with Technology
USDOE Technology Innovation Challenge Grant
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