The focus of this lesson is for students to identify and relate
to how individuals see things differently because of their gender,
race, culture, and past experiences (i.e. perspective). Students
will identify an authorís perspective in a story by describing the
characteristics of the author. Students will empathize what it would
be like to walk in someone else's shoes. A reiteration of the
elements of fiction will be used to evaluate knowledge from the
Lesson fundamental understandings:a. Perspective is seeing the world through
an individuals sex, race, gender, culture, and past experiences.
b. Perpsective is influenced by an individuals background.
c. An author's perspective influences the elements of the
d. The characteristics of an individual strongly influence
how they see the world.
e. How an indiviudal sees the world
gives insight into their character.
National StandardsStudents read a wide
range of literature from many periods in many genres to build an
understanding of the many dimensions (e.g., philosphical, ethical,
aesthetic) of human experience.
State Standards3.6.2 Make logical
predictions about character's actions based on evidence from the
text. 3.6.3 Compare works of literature from the same historical
period written by authors from different cultural, generational, and
gender perspectives. 5.6.4 Write responses to literary selections
that demonstrate an understanding of character motivation and
development. Literacy Standard #5: The students who is an
independent learner is information literate and appreciates
literature and other creative expressions of information.
Prior to this lesson students should have an understanding of the
elements of fiction and a simple understanding of cultural
backgrounds. This lesson will help reinforce the concept of
perspective of the characters and how that perspective is shaped by
the background of the author.
2 days (50 minute periods)
Preparation for the lesson includes selecting the
story, writing the definition of perspective on the board, and
listing on the board some different cultural backgrounds.
English journals with a student-generated description of the
author and the story elements will be checked for
Group oral presentation on the description of the
author and the elements of the story will be evaluated by the other
student groups and by the teacher.
Student Activity/Tasks1. The students
will be instructed to stand on top of their chairs and view the room
2. The students will return to their seat and
write in their English journal how the appearance of the room
changed when viewed from above..
3. Once they finish
writing, have the students copy the definition of perspective into
their English journal.
4. The students will listen to a
story read by the teacher.
5. Students may be given handouts
with information on the author, or, depending on time available,
students may research the author's background. Another option would
be to deduce the authors' characteristics from the story itself and
then research the author to check their conclusions.
6. As a
whole class, the students will discuss the question, "How do the
characteristics of the author (may include gender, race, culture,
and past experiences) affect the way the story is written?"
7. After finishing the discussion, the students will be
divided into groups and given a short story.
8. The group
will read the story and compose in their English journal a short
description of the author using examples from the story.
Each group will present an oral summary of the story and their
conclusion about the author.
Students may rewrite the story, changing the perspective of the
author or putting their perspective into the story. Students compose
a list of ways they can look at things differently (perspectives).
Students spend a designated time; with someone they donít know well
and observe their perspective.
Reading & Science
Pencil, paper, eyes, ears, brain
Group story (a different story for each
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Career Connection to Teaching with Technology
USDOE Technology Innovation Challenge Grant
Marshall Ransom, Project Manager
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